Our year is 1920 today so let’s begin with a short primer on what the world was like in 1920 as lived by our ancestors!
The Roaring Twenties were about to begin! The first commercially licensed radio station began to broadcast election results and this caused a gigantic boom in radio sales. An Italian immigrant to America, Charles Ponzi, came up with a sales scam that in some forms still exists today, the ‘Ponzi scheme’. The KKK, the Ku Klux Klan, was reinvigorated and began terrorizing the United States (until President Johnson unleashed the FBI under the leadership of J. Edgar Hoover and brought them to their knees). With WWI over, several authors who were known as the ‘lost generation’, such luminaries as Sinclair Lewis, Ernest Hemmingway, and F. Scott Fitzgerald, exploded on the literary scene. Women in the United States gained the right to vote when the United States Constitution was amended (XIX). President Woodrow Wilson was so incapacitated by a stroke, the government was run by his wife. The National Negro Baseball League was formed. The American Civil Liberties Union was established. An editorial in the New York Times stated rockets would never fly (whoops on that one!)
Thomas Masaryk was elected first president of Czechoslovakia. The American Professional Football Association (predecessor to today’s NFL) was established.
Babe Ruth hit his first homerun as a Yankee and his 50th of his career. Joan of Arc was canonized as a saint. Mexican President Carranza was murdered by a group of his Army generals. The United States Post Office declared it was unlawful to send children parcel post while the first transcontinental airmail flight took place from New York to San Francisco. Ray Chapman, a player for the Cleveland Indians, was hit in the head by a pitch and died. On Wall Street in New York City, a huge bomb exploded and killed over 30 in an act of domestic terrorism.
Eight Chicago White Sox players are found guilty of throwing the 1919 World Series. The Cleveland Indians won the World Series! Man O’ War ran his last race, which he also won.
Now let’s take a look at what the editors of the great Czech-American journal Amerikán Národní Kalendář published for us this same year of 1920:
The National Calendar for the Leap Year
With 106 Pictures of Serious and Humorous Content.
Volume XLIII (43)
Published and printed by August Geringer, 2520 South Crawford Avenue, Chicago, Illinois
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Title Pictures: President of the United States Woodrow Wilson.
President of Czechoslovak Republic Tomáš G. Masaryk.
Annual Calendar. — Yearly signs and dates. — Moving holiday. – Eclipses of Sun and Moon. 3
Monthly rubrics with first names including inserted pages for incomes and expenses in the household, happenings in the skies and sayings. 4 – 27
List of names according to the alphabetical order, and the dates of name days. 28 – 30
The Czechoslovakian Pantheon, the names of the greatest men of the nation with the dates of birth and death. 31
Lawful Federal Holidays 31
Milan Rastislav Štefánik, scholar, army organizer, and minister (portrait). 32
I Believe in Man. – A modern romance. Written by R. Jaromír Pšenka. With author’s portrait and nine photo illustrations. 33
By mistake. – Written by F.J. Andrlík 93
An Apple Blossom. – A poem by Josef Bezděka. 96
A Journey to the Old Country. – Written by Josef Buňata. 97
Czechs Separation from the German Empire. – (Havlíček year 1848). 123
A Phone Error. – Written by M. Ir. Folková-Bělohlavá. 124
A New Guard Forrester in an Old Guard Forrester’s House. — Bedřich Moravec. 125
At the Edge of Annihilation. — Robert Růžička. 129
After Death Experiences. — Written by Václav Lenoch. (With author’s portrait). 163
Months. – A poem of Josef Bezděka. 178
Indian Language Easy and Fast. – According to the reminiscences of Frank Peřina written by R. J. Pšenka. 180
A Red Headed One. – Written by M. Ir. Folková-Bělohlavá. (With the portrait of the author). 186
The Lock of Hair that Turned Gray Prematurely. — Written by Stanislav Klíma. 198
Two Franks per Hour. – Written by Dr. Miloslav. J. Breuer. 201
For Sad Moments. — Collection of timely humor with many illustrations. 225
Illinois. – Succinct history of a “prairie state.“ V.J. Petrželka (with 12 illustrations) 225
Mother and Son. — A poem of Josef Bezděka. 239
Fertile Soils of the United States. Arranged Jan Janák. 240
Medical Reflections. Fatigue and sour disposition. Pain in the chest and in the stomach. Dr. Karel Breuer. 244
Alcohol, a Friend and an Enemy of Man. Written by Jaroslav V. Nigrin. 251
Czechoslovak America in the Fight for Independence of the Fatherland. Vojta Beneš. (with a postscript) 253
The War Taught Us How to Live and Work. — Written by Jan Janák. 263
Advices to the Tabaco Growers. – Written by Antonín Malina. (With three drawings.) 272
Reminiscences of Czech Settlers in America. (Mr. and Mrs. Sherý, St. Louis; Mr. and Mrs.Hynek, Iowa; Mr. and Mrs. Šlemr, Edwardsville, Ill.;.Jan Urbánek, Casco, Wis.; Jareš family, Ennis, Tex.; Josef Barborka from Iowa City; Jan Kříž, Cleveland; Frank Svoboda, Omaha, Neb. ; Jan Vopat, Saint Paul, Neb.; (With 11 illustrations) 274
The World War 1914-1919. Survey of most important dates from the assassination of Austrian successor to the throne until the fall 1919. 301
From Shackles to Freedom. History of Czechoslovak nation participation in the World War and its fight for independence, with a special focus on the American Czechoslovaks’ activities. Compiled by R. Jaromír Pšenka. 305
Laws concerning hunting in America. 310
Useful Advice for General Use. 318
Postal Laws and Tariffs. 321
Important days in human history with focus on the history of the Czech Nation. 324
Czech songs: Blossom, Open up! — Nightingale Sings 325
I Sawed Millet. – Sleep My Golden Girl. 326
Annie Went to the Cabbage Patch. – The Strachov Gate. –
Water Flows against Water. 327
Advertisements from page 328 to 352
Tomorrow we continue with more Czech genealogy and history for you from the pages of the wonderful Czech-American annual journal, Amerikán Národní Kalendář!
Onward To Our Past®