After a hiatus, during which we brought you our translation of the 1891 article “Experiences of Older Czech Settlers in America”, we are pleased to be able to continue with our translation of the wonderful Amerikán Národní Kalendář article from 1878, which was the first year August Geringer Publishing Company had been producing this annual Czech-American journal.
When we left off with installment #18 we were just beginning to read the statistics and information on some of the Czech immigrant settlements in the state of Nebraska as reported to Amerikán Národní Kalendář by those Czechs themselves.
Enjoy this new installment today as we bring you data, details, and best of all surnames from five new communities!
Amerikán Národní Kalendář
Volume: I, Year: 1878, Pages: 97-108
STRUČNÁ STATISTIKA: Osad, míst a okresů ve Spojených Státech Čechy obydlených (Jak daleko nám bylo možno letos dopátrati se dál. Budoucího roku budeme pokračovat)
“BRIEF STATISTICS: Of settlements, towns and counties at United States, inhabited by Czechs (As far as we were able to find this year. Next year we will continue.)”
“Crete, Saline County, has among its 1,500 inhabitants 250 Czechs. Sixteen of them have their own businesses. There are five innkeepers, one butcher, one shoemaker, two tailors, one blacksmith, one belt maker, one joiner, one tinner, two wheelwrights, one painter, one clockmaker, and there is one Czech foundry. Czech social life has its activists here mainly in the Czech areas surrounding the town where there are more than 400 families of Czech farmers living who are true patriots. They have 2 Czech-English schools. In the first one Miss J. Jelinek serves as a teacher and in the second one Mr. F. Francl is the teacher. Most of the local farmers are freethinkers and so far church organizations do not work well here. They have just one organization: “Gymnastic Unity Sokol”, which sometimes also presents theatre performances. The Czechs started to settle here in 1865 and the earliest ones were Ant. Krten, Vac. Sestak, Fr. Jelinek, the Kovariks and then more. In the town of Crete the first settlers were Fr. Francl, Jan Svoboda, J.Nedela, and several others in 1870 when the town was established. The number of Czechs is still increasing here.
Fairbury, Jefferson County, has among their 1,200 inhabitants, 107 Slavic Czech families. Of these families 101 are farmers and two have their own businesses. Czech social life is represented by a Czech school, where Mr. Josef Kesl teaches about 30 children, and also by a “Sokol” organization located in Rose Creek City. The first Czechs came here in 1869, namely: Fr. Zavodsky, J. Vopal, H Taler, F.B.Sadil, C. Slejtr, V. Zavodsky, F. Tuma, F. Havlik, and others.
Fremont, Dodge County, has among their 1,800 dwellers eight Czech families. Two of them are innkeepers, one is a joiner, one is a builder, (J. Tuma), one is a butcher, two are clerks, and one is a broker and generally a “smart aleck”. Czechs started to settle here in 1868.
Glencoe, Fremont County, has about 60 Czech families living among a total of 136 families. All of the Czechs are farmers, except three of them are also musicians, two are beltmakers, one is a blacksmith, one a tailor, two shoemakers, one brewer, one innkeeper, and one is the a dry goods shopkeeper. There is only one Czech organization: “Supporting Against Hailstorms Society”. The earliest Czechs settled here on 10 February 1868 and were Josef Pert, Josef Havel, Fr. Uhlir, and Jan Majer. The number of Czechs living here is still increasing.
Humboldt, Richardson County, has among its 500 dwellers six Czech families in the town proper and an additional 26 Czech families in the surrounding area. In the town there are five Czech shops: one grocery store, one butcher shop, one belt maker, one shoemaker, and one tailor. All the rest are farmers. They established a Czech Education Society, which organizes celebrations every three months. The earliest Czech settlers have been here since 1865 and are Karel Zuber, Fr. Skalek, Jan Vokoun, and V. Prachejl. The number of Czechs here is still increasing.”
Be sure to check in with us tomorrow right here at Onward To Our Past® for the next wonderful installment covering more new Czech communities across the United States in 1878.
Onward To Our Past®