Today we are pleased to bring you our continuing translation of the wonderful article from the 1878 edition of Amerikán Národní Kalendář titled “STRUČNÁ STATISTIKA: Osad, míst a okresů ve Spojených Státech Čechy obydlených (Jak daleko nám bylo možno letos dopátrati se dál. Budoucího roku budeme pokračovat)”. Translated to English the title is “BRIEF STATISTICS: Of settlements, towns and counties at United States, inhabited by Czechs (As far as we were able to find this year. Next year we will continue.)”
In 1878 the publisher of Amerikán Národní Kalendář set out to gather as much information as they could regarding the Czech immigrant population that was spread across America. They were successful in providing statistics from a whopping total of 19 states as well as providing an extra compilation for New York City.
Yesterday, in Installment #1 we were treated to the ‘Brief Statistics’ for Arkansas and California. Today we move on to Connecticut and the Dakota Territory.
Amerikán Národní Kalendář
Volume: II, Year: 1878, Pages: 97-108
STRUČNÁ STATISTIKA: Osad, míst a okresů ve Spojených Státech Čechy obydlených (Jak daleko nám bylo možno letos dopátrati se dál. Budoucího roku budeme pokračovat)
BRIEF STATISTICS: Of settlements, towns and counties at United States, inhabited by Czechs (As far as we were able to find this year. Next year we will continue.)
Hartford is the only town in the state that replied about their Czech settlers. There are four families, with two being tailors and two being shoemakers. There used to be a bigger number of them, but they moved farther west.
Yankton, Yankton County, is the capital town of the Dakota Territory and has 3,500 dwellers including fifty-five Czechs with their children. Six of them have their own business, as follows: two innkeepers, one grocer, one shoemaker, one belt maker, one pharmacist, and one tanner. The first Czech settlers there were J. Dusek, Voj. Zemlicka, and Fr. Bem. They came in 1870 from Chicago. The number of Czechs is still increasing at this time.
Yankton County, in the areas surrounding the town of Yankton live about 4,000 inhabitants, which includes 3,500 Czechs. With exception of the town dwellers all of them are farmers, and each adult man also knows some craft. There are two English schools, which are attended by sixty Czech children. There is a Czech church located eight miles from Yankton on a plot of land Jos. Nedved (from Chynava, Bohemia), who donated two of his acres and his father donated an adjacent two acres for a cemetery. The church is not consecrated yet.
There are still disputes regarding whether or not to establish a Czech school or to leave this education to the bishop of the church. There is not a permanent priest, but two times a year Mr. P. Sula comes (soon it will be P. Zastera), but he is not very popular because he requires $4.00 for a confession. This upset the farmers a great deal since they have suffered a lot from the locusts.
There is one society run by the church – “Svatojansky” (St. John) Society. The earliest settlers in the county were Fr. Nedved with his family, Jos. Pechan, Jan Pisek, Tad. Pisek, Jos. Hrdlicka, Alois Chladek, and Fr. Bem. The number of Czechs is increasing and almost the whole area of the county is filled with them.
Tabor, Bon Homme County. This county itself has 135 Czech families and a lot of Polish and Russian ones too. More new families are still arriving here. In the town of Tabor there are four Czech families. Mr. Janda has a Post Office and grocery, Mr. Jos. Herman and Mrs. Holecky are innkeepers, and Mr Petras is a blacksmith. English schools are attended by about fifty Czech children. This year Mrs. Josefa Vyborny works as a teacher in the school. The local church is dedicated to St. Vaclav and its St. Vaclav Society has fifty members. Another society established recently is a commercial one. It has sixty members and its meetings take place in the school. The local church is sometimes visited by P.Sula.”
Be sure to join us again tomorrow as we continue with this Czech genealogy and history tour de force and move on to even more states across America.