Welcome to the seventh, and final, installment of the exclusive English translation of the 1891 article “Popis některých českých osad y Americe” translated as “The Description of Some Czech Settlements in America”.
Today we complete this article and finish up in the Hoosier State, Indiana. Enjoy this installment. Once again there are some fabulous details here!
Amerikán Národní Kalendář
Year: 1891, Volume: XIV, Pages 199-202
“Popis některých českých osad y Americe”
“The Description of Some Czech Settlements in America”
“North Judson, Stark County, Indiana is located only 70 miles southeast from Chicago, and about four miles south of the Kankakee River. It was established by Czech settlers Václav Dušek, Josef Schýbal, Jos. Šindelář, and later Frant. Konopásek some fifteen years ago. It was the first settlement in the county. Today about sixty Czech families successfully farm the land. There are also two inns in the town, owned by Frant. Dušek and Ant. Linz. Citizen Frant. Dušek bought a farm of 160 acres, which is now farmed by his son Frank. Citizen Šindelář bought 80 acres and citizen Schýbal 40 acres. Citizen Konopásek originally bought 80 acres, then later expanded to 600 acres, which he owns to this day.
The soil is very fertile and the proximity to Chicago, connected to North Judson by two railroad tracks, means that the diverse crops from the area are easily distributed to the markets. Farmers grow many varieties of grain, legume as well as vegetables. Fruit orchards also do well. The main crop, however, is the hay from the vast meadows, which is of great benefit to a farmer. The prices of the crops are only about three percent lower than in Chicago.
There is also an abundance of lumber and water. One does not even have to dig a well. A pump 10 to 30 feet deep suffices and provides enough water. Storms, hail or grasshoppers are almost unknown here and the winter is much milder than in the west or in the north. The soil is mostly good, black prairie soil, only here and there stony and sandy. The price of land ranges from 12 to 20 dollars for a cultivated acre and 7 to 10 dollars for an uncultivated one. The settlers are Americans, Germans, Czechs, Poles and Irish.
The Czech settlers are mostly of Catholic faith and there is also a Catholic church, which was built six years ago. The magazine subscriptions include: The Concord, The Spirit of Time, Amerikán, The Western Progress, Slavie, The Voice, and The Czechoslav.”
This concludes our exclusive translation from 1891. We hope you have enjoyed this ‘tour’ of Czech America at that time.
Stay with Onward To Our Past® for more exclusive translations from the Czech genealogy and history mother lode Amerikán Národní Kalendář.
Onward To Our Past®