All new today! While we are continuing our exclusive translations from the pages of the annual Czech-American journal, Amerikan Národní Kalendar, today we bring you an all new biography of a new Czechoslav editor in the United States at the time.
Enjoy as we bring you the story of editor Lev Palda!
Amerikán Národní Kalendář
VOLUME: I, YEAR: 1878, Pages 118-127
Published by August Geringer, Chicago, Illinois
Translated by Layne Pierce and Dr. Mila Saskova-Pierce
©Onward To Our Past®
“The Biographies of Czech Editors in America”
LEV J. PALDA
He was born in Vodňany in the Písek Region on the 28th of October 1847. His father was involved in the barley business. This was where he went to school until he was 14 years of age, and he studied for two years in lower real high school. In 1861 he left for Vienna in the fall, where he was expected to continue his studies. His parents, however, were poor, and since he did not want to receive charity from others, as he said, he devoted himself to the weaving trade and, having finished an apprenticeship in eight weeks, he returned from Vienna to his birthplace.
For some time he administered his uncle´s weaving business in that place. In 1865 he left for Chemnitz in Saxony, where he learned the fabrication of silk and became acquainted with the worker´s movement, which he immediately took to with his whole soul, since its principles were like his own. During the Prussian-Austrian War he left Saxony, he visited his birthplace, and then he left for Switzerland, where he stayed for about half a year. There he learned how to work on mechanical looms.
In 1867 he arrived in America at the end of April and at first he supported himself with journey work in Cleveland and then through weaving in Michigan. In 1868 he took part quite actively in public and national life in Cleveland and he was contributing often to the “Slavie” and “Progress” [Pokrok] journals. In the fall of the same year, he visited Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, after which he settled in New York, where he learned the cigar trade. In 1870 he was called to be editor of “The National Newspaper” [Národní Noviny] by Mr. J. B. Bělohradský in Chicago. He was not even six months in this position, after which he opened a Czech bookstore in New York, along with his friend, V. Jandus. The enterprise was not successful. He lost time as well as money. He abandoned his share and in May of 1879, he left for Cleveland, where he opened a cigar business, in which he was active for several years with success. In the year 1875, in the spring, together with his friend Fr. Škarda he founded “The Worker’s Journal” [Dělnické Listy] in Cleveland. He got involved in its editorship, and he has happily continued in his successful activities in the social and worker’s fields with the utmost devotion, and, since the newspaper was devoted mainly to workers’ interests, it spread rapidly in Czech communities, and is now being published three times a week, and as a weekly edition.”
Tomorrow we will be bringing you a brand new biography from 1878 of yet another Czech editor in the early Czech communities of the United States.
Onward To Our Past®