Section Two: Bohemian/Czech Genealogy Book by Hugo Chotek Translation
pages 21 to 40.
The city is home to some 35,000 Czechs, probably more, of which about 13,000 reside in the 17th, 24th, 25th, 26th and 27th wards, about 11,000 in wards 35, 39 and 40, while about 10,000 reside in 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd and 23rd wards (East Cleveland).
Then we have more than a thousand scattered along different streets, such as St. Clair, Euclid Ave., Woodland, Cross and others.
A school census between 1892-3 reveals that at the time more than half of all Czechs lived in the 24th ward. Of the 2,564 families living in this ward, 1,491 were Czechs and 227 Polish.
Of these, 3,212 were Czech youngsters (between the ages of 6 and 21), while 503 were Polish. All these numbers have grown significantly over the past 3 years, by at least 500, for which reason we can say that around 7,000 Czechs currently reside in the 24th ward.
Czechs maintain an excellent reputation in the city and hold a promising future within it. Generally the Americans have learned to afford them great respect, mostly because of their reliability, carefulness and thriftiness, and because they are considered intelligent and law-abiding.
What great strides they have made in a mere 40 years! Coming from such low beginnings, scorned as inferior, unwelcome and shunned, their women ridiculed! The first families to arrive came practically naked, with neither a dime in their pocket nor a word of English on their tongues, relying on the strength of their hands, their intelligence and endurance. How do they fare today? Just walking down the streets of Broadway, Willson, Croton, Petrie, Central, Lincoln, Clark Ave. and others there are large and beautiful commercial buildings privately owned by Czechs. Americans can only marvel at the entrepreneurial and hardworking zeal of the Czechs, and at the material and spiritual advances they have made in such a short period.
Czechs are now considered a cornerstone of the community and are well received. Even in public life Czechs hold respectable positions, some taking their place in public office. Vác. Šnajdr worked on the Library Council while Mr. Jan Vevera took the role of Country Commissioner. For many years Jan Vaněk acted as the city’s secretary to the police department, a respectful, important and responsible position, while K. Kůžel was the county’s first secretary <prvním příručím okresního písaře = county clerk’s/typist’s first secretary>. His brothers also took important roles: J. Kůžel in charge of payroll at one of the city’s largest banks, the Dime Saving Bank, and F. Kůžel taking the same position at Wick’s Bank. Fr. Šťárdal was a partner and director in one of the city’s largest printing companies while the lawyers Jos. V. Sýkora, Jos. Novák, Tomáš Pivoňka, Fr. Freund and physicians M. Rosenwasser, Jos. Sýkora, Fr. Franke, J. Procházka, Jan Kofroň, J. Plent, V. J. Albl, V. Havlíček, F. Spurný, Páv, Kolb and Stránky are all highly educated and have won the confidence of the broader public and respect of their professional colleagues of all languages.
And what of our architects? Many of them, such as Vác. Beneš, continue to hold their own against the city’s most renowned, American architects. Ondřej Mitermiler is the oldest and most renowned among them, followed by the no-less accomplished and educated J. W. Hrádek.
Czech pharmacies , such as those of Otta Žikeš, J. V. Bubny, F. Herold, M. Albl, Fr. Vačkář and O. Bejček, hold their own among the best in America.
Several years ago skilled brewer Vác. Medlín built a proper Czech brewery here, but in spite of all his efforts it did not work out, and was forced to sell his prized brewery to an international conglomerate. I hope that our second proper Czech brewery, Plzenský Pivovár, has a brighter future. This brewery was built in 1894 and run by Vác. Kalva. Its beer is excellent and far outshines the beer produced by the Czech city <which city? or should it be cities plural? K: Good point from proofreader. Perhaps readers don’t know the Czech version of Pilsen – put English translation in square brackets?>.
Not only have Cleveland’s Czechs excelled in industry, art and science but also in commerce, where countless of them have succeeded in one business or another.
The liberal spirit has taken root among Czechs, slowly but surely. From humble beginnings when the number of liberal-minded Czechs could have been counted on a few fingers some 20 years ago, the number of freethinkers </Scott says there was a movement called Freethinking, or the Freethinkers – consider researching and adding something, MK: if it’s “volnomyšlenkářství” that could be just way of thinking somewhere between classical liberalism and “libertinism”. I did not hear about any official movement, though. Some info here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freethought. I have rendered the noun as “freethinker”, and the adjective as “freethinking” where it would appear to relate directly to this movement. The mention of The Freethinking Fellowship and the Czech Freethinking Sunday schools leads me to think that it was recognised as a philosophy. I have used “free thinking” when the meaning is more “free” or “unfettered by superstition”. Have added to glossary.> has grown to an impressive number, nurtured by the free and liberal American environment in general. Even those Czechs who had freed themselves of their previous bonds to guilt came to realize that the concept of “religion” is simply too narrow for today’s reality and, besides one’s obligations to the state and church, a person has other responsibilities, such as to those who are close to him. They came to realize that religion, with its orators, steals some of their common sense, in that it forces them to believe in something that cannot even be understood. They came to realize that only by suppressing superstition and emancipating themselves from the claws of the Roman juggernaut is it possible to find the true individual and spiritual freedom that leads to progress and inspiration.
To come to such a conclusion takes time and the spirit of progress and inspiration, in its battle against superstition and obscurantism, is forced to fight for every square inch where superstition has taken root and where the catechism has been drilled into the hearts and minds of the entire nation over the centuries. </I think it would be worth mentioning, in [ ] brackets or something, a brief history of Jan Hus, who inspired Martin Luther and was the beginning of the Protestant movement. After the Catholic Church sent armies from many countries around Europe, lost several times and eventually won, it wanted to suppress any such rebellious notions from its European domain, so it built countless beautiful churches throughout the country. Czechs know all this, so it is implied. It is a very interesting story worth reading, and in this case, I think mentioning. It would also explain the author’s rather aggressive stance against religion. At some 85% of the population, Czechs are now the biggest atheists in the world.>
What has proliferated and flourished for centuries, even millennia, cannot be erased within a single generation. Although the catechism is to a certain degree embedded in legislation, it must also accommodate the spirit of the times, progress and enlightenment <[inspiration> . If it does not, it cannot expect that the more enlightened among us will adhere to it and believe in something that has proven only to be a nonsensical fairy tale.
The spiritual advancement of Cleveland Czechs is truly noteworthy, because it is clear that half of them are learned individuals and on the way to true liberal-mindedness. And I emphasis “on the way”, because until now only a few of them had yet reached its fountainhead, reflected in social and community life.
A free thinking person with an enlightened character is not selfish, but happy when someone else is successful. Such a person is not malicious, because they do not take pleasure in harm caused to others. Neither are they envious, but are happy when others do well. They are not contentious, because they love peace and harmony. They are not cruel and do not willfully hurt others. They are not superstitious as they do not believe in the impossible or in nonsensical fairy tales. Overall, such people are noble-minded, sacrificing, selfless, preferring to live in harmony, full of love.
As is evident, it is not an easy task to be free thinking, because such a person is not motivated by a reward in heaven or a punishment in hell. Their only reward and satisfaction is in their own conviction that they have acted as a progressive, educated and enlightened individual.
And such are Cleveland’s Czechs in great number. It goes without saying that the male portion of this community nurture a fierce loyalty to their homeland. As I wrote before, Cleveland’s Czechs are Czech in character, down to the core. There are Czechs here, regrettably not in greater numbers, who do not consider patriotism like a dairy cow or a veil</guise/smokescreen <what does „like a dairy cow“ mean?> covering their selfish or sordid intentions, but who with all their heart cling to all that is most precious in our culture <[nation> and language, and who do not neglect any cause which could benefit or strengthen anything that is Czech. They are like the diligent bee, which endures</tolerates <snášit se> its own honey for the good of all, without any complaint, only because the community needs it. <This isn’t right – to endure/tolerate in this context means “to put up with”, as though the honey were a burden to the bee. Is the meaning that the bees make the honey selflessly for all? In which case the correct verb might be “give up”>
Since I first wrote these thoughts down, the number of men, women and children with this burning passion and the free thinking nature of the community overall has increased greatly. This has had a direct effect on culturally oriented events <i v ruchu narodnim, ruch is also “movement”>. This only shows that the accusation that free thinking Czechs are less likely to support their cultural spirit is out of place. Relating to this I need to mention the following.
[Caption next page: View from Edgewater Park.]
The 1895 “Catholic” calendar, under the entry “Catholic Czechs in America”, states: “The primary backbone to maintaining Czechoslovak culture in America is our renowned Roman Catholic Central Union. This entity may be considered the Noah’s Ark of Czechoslovakia. We must not allow other entities to distance themselves from the Ark and drown… <utonou=get drowned, we must not allow other entities to distance from the Union if they are to escape the danger of getting drowned. I think you should keep “drowned” because it links with the Ark and the flood.>. The Union’s fall would certainly result in the demise of our Czech and Slavic<think about “Czechness and Slavicness/Slavonicness”. In Czech it sounds the same strange. Careful, “slovan/ský/ství” refers to “Slav/ic/ness” not “Slovak/ness”!! – This should be Czech and Slavic then, these are the correct adjectives> culture on that continent.”
I’m sorry, but it’s not like that at all. It would certainly be a sorry state of affairs if the flourishing of our culture in America depended on the Roman Catholic Church. Fortunately this is not so, as the main pillars of our culture here are The Freethinking Fellowship (headed by Č. S P. S., Č S. B. P. J., The Sokol League, the choir and amateur associations, and the patronages of Czech Freethinking Sunday schools <Sunday schools are invariably religious in nature to an English speaker (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunday_school) so you might need to explain this. I presume these are atheist groups that meet on Sundays?>), the Association of Czech Women and the Sister Support Group, and the American Foundation and Free Community.
It is precisely these organizations which nurture the true spirit of our culture and which plant within the hearts and minds of our youth the seed of love for our nation and respect for our predecessors – those who shed their blood and laid down their lives and property for personal and spiritual freedom.
It is precisely these organizations that comprise the heart and soul of our culture here in America, because they are made of inspired, learned, sacrificing, noble-minded characters, full of enthusiasm for all that is beautiful, fertile and useful.
Love for one’s roots <[nation]> and native language is a gift of birth, and each warrior of this free thinking army is aware of his/her national and personal obligations which they fulfill freely, with gladness, knowing very well that they will not be remunerated for these actions after death.
These organizations do not falsify our history and do not plant the seeds of superstition, delusion, backwardness and hypocrisy within the hearts of our youth.
The flourishing of such organizations results in the flourishing of our cultural life here in America, the spread of free thinking, and embrace of spirit </dusevni osvojenosti – dusevni osvojeni” it means here “they meant by it that people should think freely” or to get “free spirit of thinking” in this context …. see, people weren’t used to it so person who wrote it propagates “to have free spirit of thinking” but at the same time ” also: to build a cultural identity” and “love for one another” as a Czech nation living in USA – he is promoting unwritten Christian principals and to have strong national identity in newly found free world (USA), because they didn’t have that freedom at their own country. So when you translate it, think in this context …. >. Such free thinking organizations are just starting in Cleveland and have the whole future ahead of them. I am firmly convinced that the future will shine for us and that our culture will grow stronger as do these organizations. I wish only harmony, sacrifice and love between all of us!
STATISTICS CONCERNING CZECHS IN CLEVELAND
at the start of 1869
The first statistical analysis of Cleveland’s Czechs was performed by Karl F. Erhard in exchange for a very small fee, paid by the Perun National Association. A brief overview of his survey follows.
On January 23, 1869, the city was found to have 696 Czech families, comprising 3,252 members, of which 1,749 were male and 1,503 female.
Of the males, 366 were employed in manual labor, 76 were bricklayers, 72 carpenters, 56 tailors, 44 shoemakers, 39 barrel makers, 25 locksmiths and machine operators, 24 farmers, 18 blacksmiths, 15 retailers, 13 musicians (not counting those who earn their living in another field), 11 metal founders <is this what you mean?>, 12 butchers, 9 saddlers, 9 upholsterers, carpenters and weavers, 8 stonemasons, 7 cartwrights, 6 furriers, 6 tinsmiths, 5 bakers, 5 tanners, 5 dyers, 4 cutlers, 2 builders, 2 librarians, 1 pressman, 1 watchmaker, 1 health supervisor, 1 city policeman, 1 brewer and 22 innkeepers. 90 males were unemployed while 50 females worked on a farm.
112 Czechs were learning the farming trade.
There were 35 widows and 33 widowers.
There were 218 evangelists and Freethinkers <?>, while the rest were Catholics.
The following wave of Czech families came to Cleveland: 3 in 1850, 16 in 1852, 31 in 1853, 25 in 1854, 13 in 1855, 7 in 1857, 7 in 1858, 15 in 1860, 3 in 1862, 31 in 1863, 74 in 1864, 93 in 1865, 129 in 1866, 91 in 1867, and 97 in 1868.
Youngsters who came here without their parents are as follows: 8 in 1862, 9 in 1864, 13 in 1865, 43 in 1866, 38 in 1867, and 42 in 1868.
The Czech who have settled in Cleveland came from the following regions: 224 from Prague (a large part from Beroun), 194 from Písek, 137 from Tábor, 7 from Jičín, 5 from Boleslav, 2 from Cheb and 8 from Moravia.
The Lípa Slavic Association </spolek slovanska lipa Association “Slavic Lime-tree” – Be careful about this Slovak/Slavic distinction> was founded in 1862.
The Svatojánský Union was founded a year later.
The Slavic Credit Union, the first such union for Czech immigrants to America, was established on September 14, 1865.
The Perun National Association was founded by the Slovak Lípy National Association on March 1866, became a separate entity on July 21, 1867.
The Zvonař Choir was formed on July 1, 1867.
The Lumír Choir was formed in the same year.
Due to an outbreak of illness, the Czech Support Guild was incorporated on Jan. 28, 1868.
The Association of Czech Immigrants was formed in the same year.
The Saint Anna Fellowship was formed in 1868.
The Mravenec Czech Laborer Guild was incorporated on January 4, 1869.
This makes up a total of 11 Czech associations in the city of Cleveland.
Publications with their number of subscribers are as follows: Slavie with 80, Pokrok with 75, and the National News with 58 (set up by Slovak Lípy).
The Perun National Association subscribed to Pokrok and the following publications from Bohemia: Thalie, Světzor, The Humor Papers and The Amateur Theater.
How many of the farming publications are being subscribed to is, unfortunately, unknown.
This hereby concludes the statistics gathered on January 23, 1869. The involvement of the various organizations will be described hereafter.
From the statutes approved in St. Louis, MO, on June 5 and 6 of 1876.
The fundamental principles of the Czech-Slavic Support < Group <[ are: to maintain and nurture < the Czech language in communities across America<, in particular where the Order is established, <?”…at the same time to provide Czech speaking citizens of the United States with opportunities to claim their spiritual and material dignity and maintain their mutual interests. This is to be enacted by associating in individual orders/groups, which all together create one fraternal entity. Each single member of any individual group can thus feel like a peer or member of other groups and at the same time a member of the umbrella organization.>
Individually and together as a whole we work to help our suffering brothers, widows and orphans as our dedicated task. Wouldn’t we all be glad to offer a helping hand for such a noble cause? We would certainly never consider abandoning them and, among the compassionate of us, bickering, malice and arguments will be ironed out. Together, voluntarily and in an atmosphere of friendship, charity and love we fight the battle of life, an endeavor made easier by the faithfulness, harmony and total dedication we possess.
EQUALITY * HARMONY * BROTHERHOOD
BY THIS WE HEREBY DECLARE
THAT THE VENERABLE AMONG US
Have accepted as a member of our organization on this the 18th day
Czech-Slovakian Support Fellowship <[
A subsidiary of the
Grand Order of the State
Grand Order of the State of Ohio
On March 8 of 1870, the new order of Svornost [Harmony] was formed, number three within the Czech-Slavic Support Fellowship </podporujici spolku, Slavic!> , as approved by the Main National Order of Č. S. P. S. in St. Louis and which sent it an invitation to take part in celebrations of its formation, to take place on March 9 at the homestead of Josef Havlíčka.
The Main National Order accepted this invitation with pleasure, while Karel Roth from St. Louis, MO appeared as its representative in Cleveland to launch the new order within the organization and take part in its celebrations. At this meeting Roth explained that a branch of the Grand Order of Č. S. P. S. should be established for the state of Ohio, so that any order founded by Czech immigrants living within the state of Ohio could be administered. This notion was approved and the following were appointed as representatives of the Grand Order: V. K. Havlíček, Frant. P. Pešek, Ant. Spurný, Frant. Hrubý, Frant. Šafránek, Jan Bláha and Josef Marvan. In a special meeting these representatives then appointed the following to their roles: Vác. K: Havlíček as chairman, Frant. Šafránek as supervisor, F. P. Pešek as secretary, Frant. Hrubý as treasurer, and Jan Bláha as guard.
At that time, as during the first few years, each Czech appointed as a member of the Grand Order treated their new role as a higher calling and undertook their new obligations with the greatest of care. All the meetings were held in utmost secrecy and received the greatest of respect from the Grand Order. That year a meeting was held at Č. S. P. S. in St. Louis, MO, where Brothers Josef Staňkovský and Karel Roth, both living there, were awarded power of attorney to act on behalf of the Ohio Grand Order and Svornost.
In 1871 Brother Ondřej Mitermiler was appointed as an envoy to the meeting.
Brother Jan Kos was appointed as the envoy for the 1873 meeting, which took place in Allegheny, PA.
On June 10, 1874 the Ohio Grand Order established a new order in Detroit, MI, Number 6 among the Č. S. P. S., whereby Havlíček took part in its celebration and sat as a member of Svornost. The entire gathering and celebrations were very heart-warming and friendly as the Detroit Czechs showed their guests the most praiseworthy old Czech style of hospitality.
Havlíček was again chosen by the order’s brothers to make a second visit to Detroit on July 14, 1875, where the next day the Ohio Grand Order was to set up a new Grand Order for the state of Michigan. As before, many Svornost members also took part, accompanied by their banner. The evening boat ride was beautiful, the still lake only occasionally disturbed by the gentlest of breezes, and spirits were at their highest. The festivities continued into the small hours and resumed at sunrise following a short nap, as the attendees were full of great anticipation to view Detroit City coming into view. Upon their arrival they were greeted by a local ensemble of Mr. Stejskal, which played songs from back home from the edge of Detroit’s harbor. Members of Havlíček Order No. 6 <[? and other Detroit representatives stood on the shore shouting a heartfelt “Hello!” [“Na zdar!”], and the same reply rang out from the boat with much waving of arms and shawls, creating a lively and stirring atmosphere. After this friendly greeting the group was led, to the accompaniment of the band’s music, to the order’s headquarters, where they were well-fed and then escorted to the cozy homes of their hosts to be subsequently lavished with proper Czech hospitality.
The brothers and members of the Havlíček order then met at two in the afternoon at the order’s premises to vote in members of the Michigan Grand Order and officially declare the new order as lawful.
Their farewells as they departed for Cleveland were very heartfelt, <something of a contradiction> such that the time spent there will certainly remained etched in the minds of the attendees.
On the invitation of the National Grand Order </narodni hlavni rad> the Ohio Grand Order was asked to send a representative to Chicago, where a newly-formed order, Věrnost [Allegiance], was established as No. 8 within Č. S. P. S. on September 18, 1875. For this, Brothers František Kolář and Antonín Ráže were chosen and they willingly accepted the mission.
On January 2, 1876, the Grand Order once again turned joyfully to new work, this time with the founding of a new order, No. 9, named Žižka, on the west side of Cleveland under the auspices of Jan Bejček. The occasion was again flamboyant and was attended not only by all the members of Svornost (Order No. 3) with their musicians and banner, but also the Lumír choir and their banner. The weather was so beautiful and mild during this winter period that the attendees found themselves drenched in sweat, in spite of the summer attire they were clad in. After the functions were assigned within the Žižka order speeches were made, songs were sung and a concert began, after which there was an excellent banquet and everyone took to the dance floor.
On July 1, 1877 the Lidumil order (No. 16) was established under the auspices of Vác. Prošek, again with great fanfare and festive and friendly atmosphere.
On July 10 of the same year the Přemysl order (No. 18) was established in the eastern part of Cleveland.
On August 24 of the same year the creation of a new order by the name of Bratři v Kruhu [Brothers in the Circle] (No. 22) was approved and officially established on September 9.
On February 28, 1878 the Grand Order ruled that they would hold a meeting of Č. S. P. S. here in Cleveland on the 30th of June of the same year – to give ample time to those brothers who had been invited to make arrangements. It was decided that attendees were to be accommodated at V. Rychlík while the chairman and secretary were to arrange a garden party and music for the celebrations. The secretary was charged with the task of inviting all the local Czech organizations to attend.
In a meeting held on May 12 at the premises of V. Rychlík, besides all the local orders of Č. S. P. S., the following Czech organizations pledged their participation in the event:
The Vlasta u Peruna Female Ensemble
The Vlasta no. I u Svatoně Female Ensemble
The Libuše no. I u Rychlíka Female Ensemble
The Libuše u Slovanské Lípy Female Ensemble
The Lumír Choir
The Thalie Theatre Ensemble
The Budivoj Amateur Ensemble
The Cleveland Sokol Group
The Lípa Slavic Group
The Brother’s Union
The Perun Collective
6350 A. O. F. Equality Court
6348 A. O. F. Záboj Court
6394 A. O. F Jan Hus Court
36 I. O. F. Prague Court
Havlíček, Order No. 6 of the Č. S. P. S. also promised they would come in the greatest numbers they could muster.
In a meeting on May 23, Cleveland’s local orders committed the necessary number of members to serve the attendees of the garden party. Jan Kos and Vác. Doležal were elected to arrange the necessary number of emblems while Frant. Payer and Karl Blažej were assigned with organizing the day’s program. Brother Václav Šnajdr and editor Dennice Novověk were asked to speak at the celebrations.
One day prior to the event, on June 29, all the attending Č. S. P. S. members gathered at the home of V. Rychlík on the corner of Croton and Humbold Streets to be welcomed and later entertained by the Lumír choir and the band of Václav Mudry. The evening was as festive as one would expect.
The next day, on June 30, a great Czech holiday unfolded in Cleveland. Czech homes in the heart of the settlement, on Croton Street but also in other parts of the city, were adorned with Czech, Slovak and American flags and many other decorations and banners.
When the time came, all the groups and bands gathered from all parts of the city, the female groups arriving in carriages while the marshals, </marsalove> adorned with their national stripes, arrived in style, showing off their riding skills. Soon enough Croton and Humboldt Streets were packed with all the groups and the multitudes of spectators, all were welcomed, pictures were taken and the whole party moved into the garden of the Halthnorths to kick off the festivities. Speeches were made, songs were sung and music played, the entire event accomplished with great success.
The meeting came to the decision that the magazine Dennice Novověku <magazine of Dennice Novoveku? Is it the magazine’s name or a person’s name?> would act as a body of Č. S. P. S. over the next two years. The printing company Dennice Novověku <see last comment> was initially owned by Pokrok magazine, but that month <jiz v mesici na to byla=but already the next month but by the next month?> a payment to the printing company was overdue, and so the company’s editor and owner, Brother Václav Šnajdr, decided to put it into receivership and sell it to another company. …<
… The Ohio Grand Order ruled that they would save the printing company by asking all the other affiliations of the order for a loan – the only possible way they could save the magazine. Members of the order were willing to guarantee that the loan would be paid back in timely installments. The printing company was back up and running in no time, and the loan paid back in full over time.
On December 12, 1878 the Grand Order ruled that they would replace the old emblems with new ones and issue enough for all the members of Č. S. P. S. Ohio, at a total cost amounting to $62.46. To celebrate the Order’s 25th year of existence on June 8 of that year, the National Grand Order of Č. S. P. S. in St. Louis extended a cordial invitation to all local orders and formed a commission responsible for determining the cost of music and using a garden. At its next meeting the commission reported that the Lied’s garden was suitable and approved the cost of $40. There were to be two musical groups: that of V. Mudry, made up of 25 men, each to receive $5, the bandleader earning one dollar more, while the second band, Žižka (from the western part of town), was made up of 18 men requiring only $1.75 each for their participation in the procession. The first group was to play a concert in the garden and both groups were accepted by the order.
The procession took place as follows: marshals in the lead, together with the Lumír choir with their banner, and music from the west side of town. Then the following orders of Č. S. P. S.: Svornost No. 3, Žižka No. 9 and Lidumil No. 6, followed by the band of V. Mudry, then Přemysl Order No. 18, Brothers of the Circle No. 22 and the Ohio Grand Order. The procession ended at the garden.
<huh? proveden? :That order was approved and during the procession implemented by first marshal Antonín Ráž and his adjutants.>
The garden festivities were assigned to chairman Václav Rychlík, while the editor of Dennice Novověku, Václav Šnajdr, was chosen to give a speech.
Members of the Č. S. P. S. came in full representation until the garden was bursting at the seams. The Lumír choir sang and band played beautifully, the atmosphere was joyous and all were impressed by the organization. Proceeds were collected and the profits distributed among the orders.
At a meeting on November 18 Č. S. P. S. Order No. 50, Budijov, was announced and received for the state of Ohio.
[caption: 1878 Meeting of the Č. S. P. S. Brotherhood in Cleveland, Ohio]
On January 29, 1880 at the Slovanské Lípy of the Ohio Grand Order Order No. 56, Petr Chelčický, was established with the usual celebration.
Shortly afterwards, on the 22 February, Order No. 59 of Č. S. P. S., Jan Kolár, was established by the Grand Order at F. Kinkory on Forest Street.
At a meeting on March 16 the Grand Order gathered to decide whether they should become incorporated and the local orders were invited to do the same. For this purpose the order put together a commission to determine all that was needed to achieve this. The decision whether to incorporate was made on April 10 of 1880 and reads as follows:
Č. S. P. S. Grand Order of Ohio
Because the Ohio Grand Order of Č. S. P. S. [Česko Slovanská Podporujíci Společnost – Czech Slavic Support Company – make sure abbreviation clear at its first instance – Earlier you call it Czech-Slovak], at a general meeting in the city of Cleveland on March 16, 1880, has ruled to become an incorporated entity pursuant to the laws of Ohio, the undersigned J. F. Sprostý, F. O. Jungling, F. J. Vácha, Václav Rychlík and Jan Gebhard, who are citizens of the state of Ohio and members of the Ohio Grand Order, a company comprising more than 5 members and established pursuant to the statues of the National Grand Order in St. Louis, Missouri, hereby bear witness that we have been appointed and authorized to sign the incorporation agreement to incorporate the Č. S. P. S. Grand Order of Ohio pursuant to Paragraphs 3235 and 3236 of amended Ohio legislation, which came into effect on January 1, 1880 and which govern the formation and incorporated entities, entitling it to hold property and assets in its name and to take legal action or have legal action taken against it.
I. The name of the incorporation shall be the Grand Order of Ohio, Česko Slovanská Podporující Společnost.
II. The main location of this corporation shall be in the city of Cleveland, county of Cuyahoga, state of Ohio.
III. The reasons why this incorporated entity has been founded are as follows: to provide charitable services by establishing a fund for widows and orphans. On confirming the death of a family member, a prescribed amount shall be paid out to the widow, children, parents or friends of the deceased, or as prescribed by the deceased prior to their passing away.
Also to arrange for and settle all burial costs and to prepare all arrangements related to it.
To bring together in brotherhood all those of fit health, with good moral character and social competence, between the ages of 18 and 45, of any religion, trade or profession, and who are of Slavic origin.
To support widows and orphans of deceased members, provide support for sick members, provide moral and practical support to its members and those who are dependent on them, provide moral and educational seminars and events, from time to time ask its members for prescribed fees designed to support the charitable acts of this corporation, and to implement all the individual rights, ceremonies, confidentialities and signs respectable of the Č. S. P. S. order.
As bearing witness of the aforementioned we hereby sign and seal this agreement.
In Cleveland on April 10, 1880.
John F. Sprostý
F. O. Jungling SEAL
F. J. Vácha
This is followed by the notary confirmation of J. M. Novák, Wibur F. Hinman, the clerk for the Court of Common Pleas, and by the state secretary Milford Barnes together with the state seal of Ohio.
On April 19, 1880, Vítězslav Hálek, Order No. 62 of Č. S. P. S. was established by the Ohio Grand Order at A. Klipce.
In a response to a question put forward by Order No. 9, Žižka, concerning whether it would be possible to obtain a permit to organize a Sunday school on the west side of town in the city’s public school, the Grand Order authorized a brother representative for that precinct to ask the public school teachers there to put together a list of Czech children attending their schools, and to submit this request to their school council. The next meeting of the Grand Order declared that the request of the Žižka order had been accepted by the school council.
The first secretarial fee of $25 was approved by the Grand Order on May 10, 1880, with a further guarantee of $650. Up until this time all administrative work for the Grand Order had been provided free of charge.
On December 15, 1880 a meeting of the Grand Order approved further secretarial fees of $40, with a guarantee of one thousand dollars. The guarantee for the accountant was agreed at $50.
Since the individual Č. S. P. S. orders had sent their local statutes to the Grand Order for review, the Grand Order ruled to set up a special commission made up of one representative from each of the orders to look over and compare the various statues in order to unify each of their advantages and obligations.
In a meeting held on May 26, 1880, the proposal to print out 150 copies of the local statutes and send a copy to the Grand Order and chairman of each of the local orders was accepted.
On May 30, 1882 it was ruled that, in the event that any member of the Grand Order shall come to pass away, all members of that order shall carry the member to their designated place of rest.
The Grand Order sent a wreath priced at $6.40 for the coffin of recently deceased professor Ludimír Klácel.
On April 27, 1882 a Mrs. Benediktová from Nemějice, in the district of Písek in Bohemia came forward to claim her inheritance (a death payout by Č. S. P. S.) following the passing away of her son, Benedikt, belonging to Přemysl Order No. 18. Because she provided all the necessary certification proving that she was indeed his mother, her claim was accepted and, based on her request, the financial amount was withdrawn from the city’s savings bank and sent to the district court in Písek for her retrieval. At the next meeting the Grand Order received confirmation from her that she had received the funds.
In a meeting on June 26, 1882 a letter was read to the commission requesting the creation of a gravestone for Professor Lad. Klácel of Cedar Rapids IA. The letter was received and the local orders are to be asked whether they would like to contribute some funds for this purpose, which they could through the Grand Order.
Brother Záleský from Bell Plaine IA. sent the Grand Order a picture of a coffin of the deceased Professor Lad. Klácel, flowers, wreaths and decorations. The commission accepted the donations, gave thanks and assigned itself the task of arranging a frame.
On September 24, according to the Č. S. P. S. statutes, Chairman J. F. Sprostý and Vice-Chairman Fr. Payer were empowered to establish a new order, No. 79, Tomáš Payne, in Cincinnati, after which they submitted receipts of their travel expenses to the Grand Order.
On June 30 1883 a new order, No. 92, Václav Šnajdr, was established in Bellaire, Ohio by Chairman Aug. Votýpka and Secretary Vác. Rychlík. Frant. Hrubecký also joined as a member of this new order.
On the morning of August 4 the request to establish a new order, No. 96, Břetislav I., was accepted by the Ohio Grand Order. In the afternoon the gathering moved to the garden of Mr. Maňák to celebrate the founding of the new order.
On March 16, 1884 the Executive Council of the Ohio Grand Order voted to establish Order No. 103, Čeští Bratří [Czech Brothers].
A meeting of the National Grand Order on May 29 1884 confirmed the establishment of Order No. 110, Sion, whose committee had been introduced into the order by the Grand Order on June 15. <?…who was introduced into Union by the committee of the Grand Order.
To commemorate the building of a memorial <[tombstone before?] honoring Prof. L. Klácel in Belle Plain, Iowa, Václav Šnajdr was empowered by the Ohio Grand Order to represent them. A telegram was to be sent there as well.
On June 28, 1885 a new order, No. 123, Čechomír, was established, administrators chosen, and the founding later celebrated in the garden of Mr. Maňák.
Brother Frant. Kasík, a member of Václav Šnajdr (Order No. 92), requested that a collection be sent around following the passing away of his wife, who had been sick for a very long time and who had left behind her five young children. In this case her brother was not legally entitled <?meaning, he can’t claim the official help> to help, for which reason the case was brought to the attention of the Grand Order, which obliged.
On December 29, 1885 a request was submitted to the Grand Order by H. Nynkodym to ask for volunteer donations from local Č. S. P. S. orders. It was determined that this brother was very helpful in setting up the Čechomír order but that he later could not become one of its members due to an unfortunate illness. His request for donations was accepted .
On February 28 a similar request was made for voluntary contributions from local Č. S. P. S. orders to support Václav Třísk, a non-member who had been seriously sick for a long time.
On March 8 of 1886 the committee of the Ohio Grand Order established a new order, No. 131, Pravdomil, with its Stehlík Hall.
A request was made and accepted to ask local Cleveland orders for voluntary contributions to the widow of František Šlesinger.
On May 27, 1886 representatives of the orders were proposed to establish a second branch of Č. S. P. S. and asked to make the relevant changes to their statutes by the next meeting. The proposal was heartily received.
In a meeting on July 29, 1886 the Grand Order requested that the local orders organize a combined outing for the benefit of local Czech Sunday schools. This notion was accepted.
On October 21 the new order Slovač was recommended for acceptance by the National Grand Order, which officially confirmed its establishment on November 25 of the same year.
Half way through September of 1887 another outing of Č. S. P. S. was organized, which turned out to be very successful. The proceeds were distributed among the attending orders.
On July 26 of 1888 Slovač Order No. 133 joined with the club Žižkův Meč [The Sword of Žižka] to become Č. S. P. S. Order No. 133 under the name of Žižkův Meč. The Grand Order also set up a new committee for this new, combined entity.
On September 29, 1889 a new order, No. 160, Lech, was established in Bellaire by Chairman Jos. Kocian and Secretary V. Kalva.
In a meeting on January 30, 1890, the Grand Order ruled to circulate a request among all of Ohio’s orders for a contribution to build a monument in Prague honoring Jan Hus. </It’s a beautiful monument and a picture should be included here. You should read about Jan Hus and Jan Žižka – quite fascinating pieces of European history. I think an abbreviation of it could be included in the forward or something, to help the reader understand some of the context.> The brother representatives there present were asked to impress the importance of this cause on other members once back at their orders.
The next meeting resolved to send <it was decided to do so> the donation of $122.15 contributed by all the orders for the Jan Hus memorial to Mr. Vojt Náprtsek in Prague. This combined donation was later quoted in the Prague publication National Papers [Národní List].
The Žižka, Budijov and Sion Orders donated a total of $25 to help those in Bohemia who had been affected by flooding, sending this money to the National Grand Order of Č. S. P. S., which in turn sent it to Bohemia.
The husband of Marie Pešinová, a member of the Čechomír Order who had spent several years in an asylum, for which reason the order would like to provide greater support for his wife and four young children by asking for voluntary contributions from the various orders, and ask the Čechomír Order to manage and expend the contributions according to need. <Sentence lacking a main verb – I don’t understand the meaning>
The request to allow the death payout of $1000 for living costs from the sick Jos. Smíška of the Svornost Order was submitted to the Grand Order, accepted and the commission given the authority to send the necessary documentation to the National Grand Order, once the brother acquired and submitted them, to be handled according to the old statutes at the next meeting.
At the same meeting, on July 30, 1891, a commission memo was read for the construction of a memorial honoring Jan Žižka in Bohemia’s Borovan, and whether the memo should be printed in a greater number of copies through Dennice Novověku to circulate among Ohio’s orders. The publisher’s editor was also asked to lend his support to the notion.
At a meeting on December 30, 1891 Václav Kalva was appointed as the state secretary with annual earnings of $100 and a guarantee of ten thousand dollars. Kalva was to submit his bookkeeping to the commission supervisor every month.
The Grand Order approved a request by Jos. Vobecký, a member of the Břetislav I. Order, to circulate a petition for voluntary donations to aid in his illness and misfortune.
As a precaution against possible unpleasantness and disputes due to death, the brother representatives were asked to strongly recommend <?Brother representatives should during the meeting warmly recommend to the members of Č.S.P.S. to fulfill the order’s inheritance papers as a warning against possible unpleasantness and disputes in case of death. – Not sure what this means?
Once the Grand Order was convinced that Brother J. Rýdl, member of the V. Šnajdr Order, was truly in a difficult predicament, he was permitted to send out a request for personal help to the other orders.
A five-member committee was put together to welcome guests from the old continent who would be visiting the Chicago exhibit, and to work together with the existing, female-member committee to work out an appropriate program.
In reference to the lengthy sickness of J. Vilt, a member of the Pravdomil order, the Grand Order approved the sending out of a request for voluntary support from the other orders.
A request was submitted to the Ohio Grand Order to allow a death payout on behalf of legal guardian Fr. Hauser to the family of Jan Pešin, a member of the Čechomír order, since the brother had been institutionalized for five years already, with no hope of recovery, and the matter recommended for further handling by the National Grand Order of Č. S. P. S.
On April 26, 1894 the Grand Order ruled to invite all the brotherhood orders of Č. S. P. S. to supply a brief history of their organization and collect interesting artifacts suitable for an ethnography exhibit. Once the Grand Order received these it would compare them all and find a suitable location for them.
In a meeting on the 27th of September, according to the request of two thirds of the orders, it was decided to publish these historical records and send some copies back to Bohemia.
Because the hall in which the Ohio Grand Order has been holding its meetings has been graciously offered for free by brother Václav Rychlk and because the previous administrators of the Grand Order had been working free of charge up to halfway through 1880 (only a small wage was offered to the secretary and, starting a few years ago, a small wage was set aside for the order’s accountant and state secretary), the profits from member fees and after necessary expenses shall remain in treasury, the order’s property shall remain as is. 1894 hereby concludes the end of these comments. <I have left this paragraph with its present tense timeframe because „1894 hereby concludes the end of these comments.“ but elsewhere throughout this whole section on orders I have corrected the tenses to the past time frame as is appropriate for historical narration>
Until recently the Ohio Grand Order administrators had enough other work in addition to the meetings, such as: the chairman and secretary would deliver all death payouts to the homes of local widows or inheritors; after the biannual or annual meetings of local Č. S. P. S. orders, their new administrators would be sent an invitation, such that, sometimes, especially after the annual meetings, this would require a trip to the orders twice or three times a week. This task remained the duty of the brothers representing the relevant order until only recently. <Is this is correct meaning?> Furthermore, the Ohio Grand Order had always taken part in all celebrations and meetings at the National Grand Order.
Put together by Václav Rychlík
The list of brother representatives in the Č. S. P. S. Ohio Grand Order are as follows: Václav Vaněk as the chairman, Frant. Hrubecký as the vice-chairman, Jakub Bečvář as the supervisor, Alois Žák as the secretary, Josef Čermák from Order No. 50 as the accountant, Frant. Hauzer as the treasurer, Josef Ondráček as the guide </průvodčí, context? It could be guide, in modern Czech it is ticket collector in train. I’m not sure about this. I can’t think of any examples of using guide in this context. What does the guide do in the meeting? It sounds like they guide the proceedings of the meeting, although this is usually the chairman’s job. Hmm.>, Josef Čermák from Order No. 3 as the internal guard, Václav Čermák as the exterior guard, and Václav Kalva as the state secretary <State secretary is usually a governmental position but that can’t be what is meant here… secretary for the state?>.
The other members are as follows: Josef Kulas, Václav Rychlík, S. S. Weiner, Václav Buřita, Antonín Petráš, Jos. Vondrák, Jan F. Sprostý, Karel Vopalecký, Alois Daněk, Tomáš Dukát, Vojtěch Soulek, Ant. Hurt, Václav Pánek, Ant. Sojka, Václav Šule, Fred Polák, Jan Kubík, Josef Formánek, Hynek Bažil, Josef Rybák, M. Kohlíček, Václav Hončík, Emanuel Fingulín, Matěj Mareš, Jan E. Vorel, Jan Žahour, Boh. Holuch, Jossef Bulíček, Josef Vlasák, Matěj Král, Antonín Klipec, Václav Záveský, Jan Vachuta, Augut Bubák, Frant. Kronyka, Frant. Sakryd, Eduard Miller, Václav Řežábek, Josef Oprman, Josef Čáp, Josef Holeček, Frant. Kostíř, Jan Hulec and J. Vapat.
The administrative hierarchical structure of the Č. S. P. S. is as follows:
a) the National Grand Order is the highest body within the entire unit
b) the state Grand Orders are on the next, lower level, operating within their state and
c) administrators of the individual orders or Č. S. P. S. numbers
The representatives and administrators of each order are elected by the relevant orders themselves during their annual meetings and elect as many administrators as deemed appropriate considering the size of the membership.
Č. S. P. S. Order No. 3– Svornost
Some Czechs in Cleveland came up with the idea of forming a new group in conjunction with the St. Louis Grand Order.
To this purpose, many Czechs gathered on January 26, 1870 at the premises of Josef Havlíčka and decided to name the new club the Svornost Order No. 3, write up a justification for the new club and request to join the Union and send further explanation.
The meeting then elected the following administrators: Vác. K. Havlíček as chairman, Frant. Šafránek as vice-chairman, Frant. P. Pešek as secretary, Frant. Hrubý as the accountant, Ant. Spurný as the treasurer, Jan Bláha as the guide <[.. and Jos. Marvan as the guard.
Other founding members are as follows: Jos. Ployhart, Vác. Šafář, Ant. Tregler, Jan Miller, Vác. Vančura, Jos. Svoboda, Jan Aubrecht, Jos. Smíšek, Martin Krs, Jos. Šteffek, Frant. Beneš, Jos. Havlíček, Frant. Plevný, Mat. Chalupský, Šimon Havlíček and Vác. Trepeš, amounting to a total of 23 members.
The meeting ruled that the membership fee should be five dollars, payable every month in a total of five installments, the first installment to be paid at the meeting.
It was further ruled that the quarter yearly fee should amount to one dollar and that it should always be paid up in advance.
New members were to pay half their membership fee at the time of their application and the rest prior to their official inclusion. New members should be between the ages of 21 and 45 and should come from proper, healthy Czech backgrounds.
In the event that a member became sick and needed help from the other members, they would have to lodge such a request within six months of falling ill.
A meeting on February 1, 1870 ruled that the group would officially be called Č. S. P. S. Svornost Order No. 3, and discussed whether it should be incorporated.
A meeting on the 15th of February accepted the proposal to organize a party and banquet to which members would be allowed to invite two guests and at which the serving of guests would be the responsibility of the members’ wives.
At a meeting on the 22nd of February a letter from the National Grand Order of St. Louis was brought forth, in which were stated the conditions for the affiliation of the Svornost order with Č. S. P. S. Everyone present agreed with the conditions and the secretary was charged with the task of informing the National Grand Order of their decision.
On March 8, 1870 Brother Karel Roth of St. Louis, acting as emissary for the National Grand Order of Č. S. P. S., came to officially incorporate the Svornost order into Č. S. P. S., officially install the order’s administrators and hand the order a Č. S. P. S. certificate.
At the same meeting steps were taken to set up the Č. S. P. S. Grand Order for Ohio and the following were appointed: V. K. Havlíček, F. P. Pešek and Ant. Spurný, each for a period of one year, and Frant. Hrubý, Fr. Safránek, Jan Bláha and Jos. Marvan, each for a period of two years. The meeting also received material from the National Grand Order emissary concerning what steps to take next.