Our eagle-eyed translator from our team on this project, Martin Pytr, noticed these names and noticed something even more interesting for us. While some were noted in public references, such as Wikipedia, many were not. So he dug in and found some background on those ‘48’ers Korbel mentioned.
His list is below. You can see the hotlinks to the Wiki pages for those ‘48’ers who were already researched, but you will also notice several of them were not! So Martin dug and presented us with a short biography on each of those ‘48’ers who are not yet noted in the English language Wikipedia.
Frič, Josef Vaclav – NEW
Hlavka, Josef – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_Hl%C3%A1vka
Hodza, Michal Miroslav – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michal_Miloslav_Hod%C5%BEa
Jelacic, Josip – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josip_Jela%C4%8Di%C4%87
Naprstek, Vojtech – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vojt%C4%9Bch_N%C3%A1prstek
Salaba-Vojan, Jaroslav Egon – NEW
Straka, Adolf – NEW
Stur, Ludovit – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%BDudov%C3%ADt_%C5%A0t%C3%BAr
Villani, Karel Ignac Drahotin – NEW
Vraz, Enrique Stanko – NEW
Zach, Frantisek – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franti%C5%A1ek_Zach
Without further ado, the following are the original, brief English biographies of those ‘48’ers mentioned for us by František Korbel and researched by Martin.
Frič, Josef Václav
Josef Václav Frič was born on the 5th of September, 1829 in Prague. He died on the 14th of September, 1890 in Kralovske Vinohrady, which today is part of Prague. He was the son of the Czech lawyer and patriot Josef František Frič. In 1848 J. V. Frič was a spokesman for the radical student organization “Slavie” and he fought at barricades. When the Prague Uprising was defeated he escaped to Slovakia and there he helped organize the anti-Hungarian uprising. In 1849, he returned to Prague and together with his friends established the association, which was named “Ceskomoravske bratrstvo“, the Bohemian-Moravian Brotherhood. Shortly after this he was taken into custody, tried, and judged for his participation in the Prague Uprising. In 1851 J. V. Frič was sentenced to 18 years in prison for the crime of high treason. In 1854 he was granted amnesty. However, in 1858 he was again taken to custody, but freed upon the condition that he would agree to emigrate. After his time as a student, Frič decided to become a poet.
He went first to London, but in the same year of 1859 he moved to Paris, and then finally to Berlin where he continued to work against the Austrian government.
In the 1870s he went back to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. First he lived in Budapest, then in Zagreb, and in 1880 he went back to Bohemia, where he stopped his political activities and dedicated his future work just to literature. He wrote poetry and dramas.
Salaba-Vojan, Jaroslav Egon
Jaroslav Egon Salaba-Vojan was born on the 3rd of February, 1872 in Prague. He received his law degree from Charles University in Prague in 898. He died on the 29th of December, 1944, in Cook County, Illinois and is buried in Bohemian National Cemetery in Chicago.
Salaba-Vojan was a teacher at the Commercial Academy, a Czech-American journalist, editor, translator of English literature, and a member of the resistance against the Austro-Hungarian Empire. One of his better known works was titled “Velký New York” (Greater New York) and subtitled “Dëjiny New Yorku a èeské ctvrti. — Dneání Velky New York — Prûvodce po New Yorku a okoli.” (The history of New York and the Czech Quarter – Today’s Greater New York – Guide to New York City and its Surroundings).
Having immigrated to the United States in 1910 he married Marie Vozech after he had settled in Chicago, Illinois. By 1909 he was the head of the Czech-American Press Bureau in Chicago. In 1912 he was one of a handful of Czech-Americans who accompanied the Count and Countess Von Lützow on their month long, literary tour of America.
He founded the Bohemian Arts Club of Chicago in 1912 and at his death, in 1944 and having ‘Americanized’ his name to Jerry Vojan, his occupation was listed as “Minister of Free Thinkers”.
Tomorrow we continue with more of our newly researched ’48’ers!
Onward To Our Past®