Czech Genealogy: The world in 1891 as we prepare for our newest translation
All of us here at Onward To Our Past® Genealogy and History Services Company are pleased to announce beginning tomorrow we are beginning the posting of our newest exclusive English translation from the Czech genealogy treasure-trove of Amerikán Národní Kalendář.
Thanks to our partnership with the exceptional Ms. Nina Haviernikova of The Ohio State University we will be providing the first ever English version of “Ze zkušeností starších osadníků českých v Americe” from the 1891 annual edition of Amerikán Národní Kalendář. This title translates as “Some Experiences of Older Czech Settlers in America” and in its original format ran for twelve pages. It is an exceptional group of biographies of early Czech settlers in America and best of all they are in their own words.
As we began working on this translation we found ourselves asking a basic question. “What was going on and what was the world and the United States like in 1891?” The following are just a few examples of notable events that took place in 1891 and shaped the lives of these Czech immigrants as well as everyone else.
- The Mammoth Mine explosion, located outside Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania, took the lives of 109 men and boys working in that coal mine.
- The Dalton Gang robbed their first, of what would be many, trains.
- The Great Blizzard of 1891 struck Great Britain resulting in more than 220 deaths and the sinking of 14 ships.
- Almon Strowger (an undertaker) was granted a patent for his invention of a switch that automated the switching of telephone circuits.
- The British steamer Utopia, carrying Italian immigrants bound for New York City, sank off the coast of Gibraltar with a loss of 574 lives.
- The Wrigley Company was founded in Chicago, Illinois.
- Artist Paul Gaugin left France for Tahiti.
- Carnegie Hall opened in New York City with Tchaikovsky conducting.
- The George A. Hormel Company in Austin, Minnesota introduced a new product, SPAM.
- The U. S. National Forest Service was founded as was the United States Court of Appeals.
- The first penalty kick is awarded in a soccer match.
- Nikola Tesla invents the Tesla Coil.
- American Express Company issued the first Travelers Checks.
- The first public bathhouse with showers opened in New York City.
- The motion picture camera was patented by Thomas Edison and the patent was issued for the electric starter for motorcars.
- A devastating hurricane struck the island of Martinique killing over 700 and an earthquake struck Japan killing some 7,000 and leaving a 3 meter tall surface fault (still visible today).
- The first bones of ‘Java Man’ were discovered.
- Sherlock Holmes first appears in print.
- James Naismith created the game of basketball.
- In Baltimore, the first black Catholic priest in the U.S. was ordained, Charles Uncles.
- The Christian Women’s Temperance Union held their first ever meeting (in Boston).
- The Canadian Rugby Union was formed.
- W. L. Judson invented the zipper.
- Germany introduced the first ever old-age pension.
- Hawaii’s King Kalakaua dies and is succeeded by his sister, Liliuokalani, who was crowned Queen of Hawaii.
- Civil war broke out in the nation of Chile.
- A lynch mob stormed a parish jail in New Orleans and hung 11 innocent Italians.
- The escalator was patented by Jesse Reno and he installed the first one at famed Coney Island.
- Michelin invented the first removable pneumatic bicycle tire.
So there you have it in a bit of a nutshell. A view of what was happening in 1891 as the editors of Amerikán Národní Kalendář were issuing Volume XIII of their annual journal.
If you are not familiar with Amerikán Národní Kalendář you can click here and read about its history.
Now get ready for a fabulous set of first-person biographies of some of the earliest Czech immigrants from across America. Right here in English for the very first time.
Enjoy and thank you for going Onward To Our Past® with us!