Genealogy & History Primer: 1901
As we prepare to embark on our all new translation from the Czech-genealogy treasure chest of the seventy-nine years of Amerikán Národní Kalendář, we want to begin, as we always try to do, with a primer on what was happening in the world at this time of our ancestors.
So we ask you to join us today and harken back to 1901.
Here we go:
1901 began with Queen Victoria ruling the United Kingdom and William McKinley as President of the United States. However, also in 1901, Victoria would die, McKinley would be assassinated by Leon Czolgosz, Edward VII would become King of the U.K and Theodore Roosevelt would become President of the U.S. In the same year Roosevelt would utter perhaps his most famous words “Speak softly and carry a big stick”, unless you count the fact he was the one who renamed the ‘Executive Mansion’ the ‘White House’.
In China the Boxer Rebellion was crushed, the British established the Commonwealth of Austrailia, and in Oslo, Norway the first Nobel Prizes were awarded.
Guglielmo Marconi successfully received wireless signals transmitted from England to Newfoundland, oil was first discovered in Texas, and J. P. Morgan established United States Steel Corporation, which would go on to become the world’s first billion dollar company.
The cost of a first class postage stamp in the U.S. was two cents, while that year in Paris 19 year old Pablo Picasso held his first art exhibition.
Anton Chekov’s play “Three Sisters” premiered in Moscow, the female United States Army Nurse Corps was permanently established, and a fellow by the name of Edward Prescott received a patent for the first loop-the-loop centrifugal force rollercoaster.
The first vacuum cleaner was patented, Winston Churchill made his first ever speech in the British House of Commons, and the National League of baseball decreed that a batter’s first two foul balls would from now on be considered strikes.
In Bremen, Germany, Wilhelm II, Emperor of Germany and King of Prussia survived an assassination attempt.
Eleven years after his death, the art works of Vincent Van Gogh caused an uproar of appreciation at a showing in Paris, France, while the state of New York became the first to require automobile license plates at the fee of $1.00.
The third largest urban fire in the United States (after only Chicago and San Francisco) struck Jacksonville, Florida leveling some 1,700 buildings and up North the Cadillac Motor Company was established.
A British commission estimated that more than 1.25 million Indians had died since the beginning of the Indian Subcontinent drought, which began only two years earlier. In the United States the Great Panic of 1901 began, which was the first financial panic on the New York Stock Exchange. Thousands of small investors were ruined.
In South Wales, seventy-eight miners were killed in an accident in the Caerphilly open pit mine, while in Wagner, Montana Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid robbed a train of some $40,000, and Cy Young pitched his way to his 300th victory.
The luxury ship, the S.S. Islander, hit an iceberg off the coast of Alaska and sank with the loss of somewhere between 40 and 70 lives and a reported $6 million (1901) dollars’ worth of gold, and the first Royal Naval Submarine was launched in the United Kingdom at Barrow.
A fellow by the name of King Camp Gillette began selling the first safety razor blades while a woman by the name of Anna Taylor became the first female to go over the great Niagara Falls in a barrel.
As you can see 1901 was quite a year and our ancestors had quite a lot to think about. Some deadly serious, some frivolous.
Now tomorrow we will see, via our exclusive English translation of the Table of Contents (Obsah) from the 1901 edition of the Czech-American annual journal, Amerikán Národní Kalendář, what was on the minds of Czech American readers. At least that found in the pages of that edition!
Onward To Our Past®